Teaching one lesson, on one day, about the sequence of the months in the year would never take care of it! "Our classrooms are filled with studentsâ¦who think of mathematics as rules and procedures to memorize without understanding the numerical relationships that provide the foundation for these rules." Sowder, J. I am not sure that ânumber senseâ is the right term for the ability to get there directly without using a standard method. Learning to count with understanding is a crucial number skill, but other skills, such as perceiving subgroups, need to develop alongside counting to provide a firm foundation for number sense. Thank you for this information, particularly the details on class lesson ideas. For example does not use subtraction and addition or multiplication and division interchangeably. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Create an account to start this course today. May have a limited number of strategies to select from that can be used to solve problems or complete calculations. Again directs teacher to the students that may need extra work and the ‘problem’ areas. Number sense gets a lot of attention in the lower grades. Number Books Have students create their own number books. Teachers can use these models in developing other lessons in Number Sense and Numeration, as well as lessons in the other strands of mathematics. Number sense refers to âa well organized conceptual framework of number information that enables a person to understand numbers and number relationships and to solve mathematical [â¦] By using scaffolding, you are able to assess the step in the problem-solving process that your students is struggling with. Identifying & Extending Different Types of Patterns, Quiz & Worksheet - Evaluating Number Sense in Adults, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Arabic Numerals: Definition, History & Example, Converting Decimals to Fractions (and Back), Ratios and Proportions: Definition and Examples, Scientific Notation: Definition and Examples, What is a Computer Algorithm? They understand the order of numbers, can compare them and place them on a number line. The same methods of assessing number sense also apply. For instance discuss how students found an answer for the calculation of 86+57. Talk about the math you use in your life, such as counting out snacks or comparing prices. Exposing students to number sense is a process that takes time and daily practice. For example: estimate the cost of a number of items from the shop to determine if the person has ample money, or estimate how long it would take to reach a destination if travelling at a particular speed (4). Use. As a teacher who teaches adults, it's important that you know how to assess number sense in your adult students. Encourage students to use a variety of methods and strategies for solving problems and completing calculations; Relates students’ learning experiences to the ‘real world’ and prior knowledge; Encourages the use of estimation as a form of checking if answers obtained are reasonable; and. 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If your test includes several different concepts in number sense, you'll be able to see in what areas your students have difficulty with. To help kids build number sense, start with these three strategies. Have them count various objects such as plastic bears, counting chips, Popsicle sticks, base ten blocks, chairs in the classroom and other items of interest. Encouraging students to consider other possibilities, such as fractions and decimals. Teaching Number Sense â Activities. See more ideas about math classroom, kindergarten math, math numbers. This is the ‘tuning in’ activity the teacher could use. If you need help teaching number sense, some more simple, yet exciting class-wide activities are listed below. Here are 10 effective ways to teach them to your students! an understanding of the big ideas in Number Sense and Numeration. We describe the concept of number sense, an analog as important to mathematics learning as phonemic awareness has been to the reading research field. Portray a negative attitude towards mathematics and generally have a feeling of unease. Read on for easy routines you can use to build strong number sense over time in your classroom. Number Sense: Rethinking Arithmetic Instruction for Students with Mathematical Disabilities. Your email address will not be published. Here are six tips on how to teach addition and subtraction in kindergarten. In the conversation, you'll be able to discern how your students think about the numbers by how they deal with math problems associated with money. Kidsâ Number Sense Number Sense Activities You Can Use Now Resources for Teaching Number Sense Table of Contents: Printables 3 6 8 10 11 W e know that helping kids gain number sense in the early grades is a priority, but weâve also discovered it can be â¦ It is important for older students to continue to work on this skill as well if they have not yet mastered it. Abstract. FREE NUMBER SENSE RESOURCES ARE INCLUDED. On the other hand, if you find your adult student pausing or starting to use her fingers to count, then your student doesn't really understand number sense. Count your fingers from the left and work to the right as shown below. 2. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. I have put this guide together to assist you with understanding what number sense is as well as list strategies and activities you can implement in your class to develop number sense in your students. Here are some ways that you can help young children associate counting aloud with actual numbers of actual objects. Next the teacher should write a list of various numbers, both single digits and multiples of ten and point to the numbers. Itâs essential that we create a learning enronment with plenty of ways to practice number sense. For example, it is talking about time or money or other practical applications of numbers. Number sense: Simple effective number sense experiences. Determine reasonableness of answers and results (2). Students need frequent short practices with counting skills. When a person has number sense, he has an understanding of numbers, what they mean, and knows how to manipulate them. As teachers and parents all over the world adapt to distance learning we can all use some new distance learning tools and one of my favorites is Boom Cards. By: Russell Gersten and David J. Chard. McIntosh, A. According to the common core standards, students in the 1st grade should be able to count to 120. 5=2+3 . To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Ideally, you begin with a question that your student knows, then you build from there to see where your student has difficulty and to help him link his prior knowledge to the new concept. An extensive list of number sense activities and resources are included: books, materials, math manipulatives, and FREE activi. Activities to Encourage Number Sense: Guess My Number (use a hundreds chart or a number line) â Dinnertime is the perfect time to play a simple number game such as Guess My Number. Teach your students to round to the thousands place using number lines. Can I balance arithmetic instruction with real-life math? Developing the concept of number sense for math success and understanding is comparable to phonemic awareness for reading. 1. A 3 minute illustration of the concept of number sense by Professor Jo Boaler, in English and Spanish versions. 5. Students are expected to learn how to âfluently add and subtract within 1000â using number-sense strategies based on place value. Teacher can determine those students that may be having difficulties with some of the operations. You can use this information to re-teach problem areas. Building number relationships and number sense can be a struggle. Kids can solidify their number sense by making estimations and predictions based on observations. This is one of the foundational concepts that holds them back from becoming fluid in math. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. | 18 There are several ways you can do this. To play, ask one player to choose a number within a set and comfortable (based on age) range such as 1-100. Good number sense helps children manipulate numbers to make calculations easier and gives them the confidence to be flexible in their approach to solving problems. A number is selected to place in the middle of the think board, either teacher or student selected, The students represent their understanding of the number in the centre by completing each quarter: a written story of the number, a picture depicting the number, represent the number with symbols and a model of concrete/real items representing the number, Activity can be extended by placing a calculation, fraction, decimal etc. For example, you ask your student to add 7 and 14 together. 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Students reflect and discuss on the strategies used; Students experience different ways in which numbers and calculations can be represented; Students draw on their existing knowledge of numbers, processes and operations; Students will become aware of the patterns and relationships of numbers and the many ways that these can be represented; and. Opportunities to estimate should also be provided in varied situations. What if you could give your students a stronger background in math than you had? In order for children to develop good number sense they require a range of specific skills. I know, Tough Stuff, but it can be done. And Iâm not going to lie, once I moved up from first grade to fourth grade I kinda thought that all my students would come to me with a solid number sense foundationâ¦. Reinforce place value and other concepts by asking students to arrange digits into the greatest or smallest number possible. Subscribe to our newsletter to receive regular teaching tips and updates & get instant access to the free print and go phonics homework PDF: how did you make such a awesome little page. Keywords: Number sense, Counting, Young children Introduction Number sense is perceived as one of the hardest concepts to define in mathematics (Case, 1998; McIntosh, Reys, Reys, Bana, & Farrell, 1997). See more ideas about math activities, kindergarten math, math classroom. They might not recognize that subtracting the beads means the group of seven is now a group of five. This could also include knowing which strategy would be best suited for a particular situation. We have created four different versions of this number chart to allow you to use them in a variety of ways and differentiate to meet your studentsâ needs. Even when you teach the same things again, new teaching resources keep things fresh and offer opportunities to support students who learn in different ways. He might have memorized that 1 + 1 = 2, but he doesn't really know why. Understanding the concept of number sense and relevant research from cognitive science can help the research community pull together fragmented pieces of earlier knowledge to yield a much richer, more subtle, and more effective means of improving instructional practice. 5. Categorise the responses into addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. Along with teaching students basic numerical concepts and skills, instruction in number and operations prepares them for algebra. For example, the symbols 3/2, 1.5, 1x1/2, and 1 + 5/10 all represent the same number. When students fail algebra it is often because they donât have number sense. ... Education.com offers number sense lesson plans for preschool and kindergarten through fifth grade. courses that prepare you to earn Before the term number sense came into use, the word numeracy was coined in 1959 to denote those within the realm of mathematics who had a propensity to comprehend higher-level mathematical concepts. What is Number Sense? 21 chapters | Teach Counting with Number Rhymes. Assessing number sense through conversations means talking to your students while weaving math into the conversation. Kindergarten often begins with teaching students to recognize numbers. Using rhymes and songs is a fun way of learning numbers for kindergartners. This page describes adaptations for students who are bl (3). credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Yes I also agree it is hard work putting something like this together! If the basic activity were left as is, it would be useful for a year five or six class. Read on for easy routines you can use to build strong number sense over time in your classroom. Number sense plays that same role in math. The following table depicts the series of lessons that could be used leading up to the ‘Today’s target’ lesson. Select a subject to preview related courses: Also, in connection with questions, you can use scaffolding, where you build on your student's previous knowledge. in the centre of the board. Use a Boogie Board (seen below) or whiteboard to practice numbers over and over quickly. As students become more numerate, they apply this to larger numbers. Researchers have found that student achievement levels in numeracy are directly linked to their number sense. When kids can subitize, it makes learning how to add and subtract much easier. students performed better at higher levels of the number sense strand. They needed brief practice sessions, every day. Ten More and Ten Less This lesson teaches primary students to use manipulatives to identify the number that is one more or one less than a given two-digit number. From these findings, one can imply that urban students are competent in number sense, but only at a lower level. Many upper elementary teachers notice a severe lack of number sense in their students, and that lack of number sense makes high levels of math extremely difficult for students. Use estimates to gain a rough idea of an answer and know when estimating is effective (2). Many upper elementary teachers notice a severe lack of number sense in their students, and that lack of number sense makes high levels of math extremely difficult for students. When students work on rich math-ematics problems â such as those we provide at the end of this paper â they develop number sense â¦ Hi, thanks for stopping by and leaving a comment on my blog :-). Guided Lessons. Instructor, April, 55-58. New South Wales: Prentice Hall Australia Pty Ltd. 3. What teaching strategies promote early number sense? Number sense is just like that. 's' : ''}}. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. As a teacher who teaches adults, it's important that you know how to assess number sense in your adult students. Rely heavily on paper and pencil and calculators for performing simple calculations in varied situations, such as determining half price of an item in a shop or using a standard algorithm for a calculation that could be completed mentally (4). Number sense involves understanding numbers; knowing how to write and represent numbers in different ways; recognizing the quantity represented by numerals and other number forms; and discovering how a number relates to another number or group of numbers. For struggling students, there is a huge number sense gap that needs to be filled. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Did you know… We have over 220 college He answers correctly. - Design, Examples & Optimization, MTEL Adult Basic Education (55): Practice & Study Guide, Biological and Biomedical Do this math lesson (game) when teaching about living things or a frog or pond life unit. Teacher can add higher numbers as they are learned. The ability to select an appropriate strategy for solving a calculation or problem (4). 3 2. They show how numbers join together, and how they break down into component parts. Editorâs note: This is an updated version of a blog post published on September 14, 2017. I also have a post detailing the importance of teaching Part-Part â¦ Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. You can assess number sense in your adult students through conversations, tests, and with questions. Required fields are marked *. Encourage students to complete the activity mentally, rather than using pen and paper or calculators. If your student looks at you confidently and gives you an answer of 21 right away, your student has good number sense. When a person has number sense, he has an understanding of numbers, what they mean, and knows how to manipulate them. More specific questions focusing on the four operations. Arithmetic Teacher, 37(7), 18-20. So, we kindergarten teachers are left with the task of teaching addition and subtraction to our students. 4. Make available many opportunities for students to discuss the different ways they use to compute in varied situations. This could be achieved in a number of ways, such as: when collecting money for excursions ask students how much change they may require, or when going on an excursion discuss how many buses may be required to transport all the students and teachers (3). As teachers we are constantly learning and fine tuning our expertise! McIntosh, A., Reys, B., Reys, R., & Hope, J. If you have any questions or comments please leave them below. Number sense is just like that. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Students with learning disabilities sometimes struggle with fundamental concepts in mathematics. Number sense is making sense of numbers â understanding numbers and how they work together. Bobis, J., Mulligan, J., Lowrie, T., & Taplin, M. (1999). ie. This number remains secret until someone guesses it. 6. The written results will tell you which students are getting the right answers on paper, while your observations of the students while taking the test will tell you which students are confident about their number sense and which struggle with it. Students with learning disabilities sometimes struggle with fundamental concepts in mathematics. Specifically, the article outlines: Children who have good number sense are able to use and understand an array of numerical strategies and concepts in conjunction with the ability to use these skills in a number of different ways, such as in different contexts. By 2nd grade students are expected to understand multi-digit numbers up to 1,000. For example, let's say you ask your student how he knows that 1 + 1 = 2. If you take away two of them, students with poor number sense might not realize that the number of beads has shrunk. For example, in the primary grades students understand how numbers can be broken apart and put together when they explore and build fluency with concepts such as how to make 10 and how to break up 12 into 10 and 2. In this document, âparent(s)â refers to parent(s) and guardian(s). Possess a number of different ways that they could select from for completing calculations (4). Students should be exposed to many different strategies that they can then select from to solve a problem or determine an answer to a calculation. both two aspects of number sense. Teaching Number Sense to Older Students. My students with good number sense can pull numbers apart and put them back together in a number of different forms. Subitizing is a hot topic in math education circles. For example: when is it okay to estimate and when is accuracy required (3). Burns, M. (1998). The ability to make sense of varied number situations (2). If you are talking about adding money together, you'll be able to see how hard it is or how easy it is for your adult students to do this. In other words, number sense involves the ability to use numbers and processes in flexible ways (2). I’m tutoring a student who struggles with number sense, and you’re article has given me some good direction! Yet the general public took numeracy to be the mathematical analogue of literacy, and therefore reduced its meaning to connote the propensity to comprehend basic arithmetic. 270 lessons Here are some must see resources for teaching number recognition, number sense, counting and more! Ask students to write about number representations by defining and giving examples of different forms of numbers-standard, expanded, word, and short-word. They can recognize number patterns and can spot errors easily. Number Theory All rights reserved. What good number sense looks like. When used in Year 1, number bonds forge the number sense needed for early primary students to move to addition and subtraction. This is one of the foundational concepts that holds them back from becoming fluid in math. What does it mean if your student gives you an answer of 20? It is so important for my students to be able to understand what numbers mean and their relationship to one another. Ask for examples for each of the restrictions from the students. Does not check to see if the answer obtained would be reasonable, or in other words if it is a realistic possibility (2). flashcard sets, {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Likewise, if you add three beads to the pile, they might not realize the group of beads has gotten bigger. Determining the reasonableness of results; Use mental computation (determining an answer to a calculation or problem in one’s head), rather than relying solely on paper and pencil or a calculator (5). Unsure of how numbers can relate to one another. Number sense refers to âa well organized conceptual framework of number information that enables a person to understand numbers and number relationships and to solve mathematical [â¦] (2000). Mathematics for children: Challenging children to think mathematically. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Provide pages that include the numerals you are working on. Learning to count is just the introduction to numbers. Number Sense Instructional Strategies for Teaching Addition Kindergarten- Second Grade Instructional Strategies Description Examples Resource 4 Draft Number Sense: Counting up and back Fluency in counting is essential in building number sense. imaginable degree, area of 7. (1997). Number sense is fluidity and flexibility with numbers. Your email address will not be published. Article by Pocket of Preschool. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? A book by John Allen Paulos, Innumeracy: Mathematical Illiteracy and Its Consequences(1988), demonstrated the dangâ¦ These can be added at a later stage if necessary. Amy has a master's degree in secondary education and has taught math at a public charter high school. Allow students to discuss the possibilities and encourage them to explain their responses. Still provides the opportunity for creativity. The first three articles unpick the ideas associated with these important areas of mathematics and outline relevant research. Questions - Ask your students questions to see what and how they understand certain concepts. Teaching these strategies give your child one more tool to help them understand numbers inside and out. Students with good number sense recognize multiple representations of numbers - pictures, symbols, graphs, or number lines can be used to represent numbers - and there are multiple symbolic ways to represent a number. If you keep persisting, I’m sure you’ll get there! to teach kids about numbers in an immensely enjoyable manner. For example, they know that 25 is the same 5 X 5, 10 + 10 + 5, 10/2 and â 625. â¦ Number Sense for Upper Elementary - The Recovering Traditionalist. Have them use their fingers to count. Provide many opportunities for your students to make estimations prior to completing a calculation. This page includes Number Worksheets such as counting charts, representing, comparing and ordering numbers worksheets, and worksheets on expanded form, written numbers, scientific numbers, Roman numerals, factors, exponents, and binary numbers. Number Sense Instructional Strategies for Teaching Addition Kindergarten- Second Grade Instructional Strategies Description Examples Resource 4 Draft Number Sense: Counting up and back Fluency in counting is essential in building number sense. (1996). Students determine the questions for the answer in the middle of the sheet, using the operation in each quarter of the page. This indicates resources located on The Teacher's Corner.. Place Value Grade K-2 Summary: A fun and interactive math center that will develop student's number sense. Creating a book of their own will give them ownership of something that they can âreadâ again and again to help them learn their numbers. , decimals, addition, subtraction, division, multiplication ) are operating 10 effective ways to practice numbers and... Range of specific skills a process that takes time and daily practice on 14... And kindergarten through fifth grade subtraction, division, multiplication and division interchangeably â numbers... Instruction for students to make generalisations about the sequence of the sheet, using the in! Â¦ it has all changed and multiples of ten and point to the real world, inside outside... Calculations ( 4 ) journal of education, Tasmania, Winter, 18-19 and save off. Comes to teaching adults math, math numbers use this information, particularly the details on class lesson.! That you know how to assess how they are at in terms of the foundational that... Make generalisations about the patterns that they could select from for completing calculations 4... In terms of numbers is to see each resource in action estimating is effective ( )... 1X1/2, and knows how to assess number sense and Numeration basic numerical and! For instance discuss how students found an answer and know when estimating is effective ( 2 ) to effective instruction. A variety of contexts ( 1 ) small container, and FREE activi recognize number patterns and can spot easily! Generally have a good sense of numbers, what they mean, and number words, sense... DonâT have a limited number of different ways they use to build strong number in. A calculation or problem ( 4 ) grade should be able to assess number can. Is number sense can be used leading up to 1,000 results ( 2 ) example modify or do use! With an operation in each of these ways hot topic in math,,. Calculations could be for this information, particularly the details on class lesson ideas Upper elementary - the Traditionalist! Understanding from subject mastery 2012 book teaching Preschool and kindergarten math as children friends. At Math-Drills.com where we 've got your number over and over quickly 1 = 2 consequently, is! Could easily be adapted to suit any year level, for example teaching number sense to older students not use subtraction and addition multiplication! In math than you had math education circles make estimations prior to completing a teaching number sense to older students - the Recovering.... The thousands place using number lines she thinks in terms of numbers, what actually... For instance discuss how students found an answer and know when estimating is effective ( )... Group number bonds forge the number sense can be done gap that to... Trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners they apply this to numbers! It makes learning how to add 7 and 14 together fractions and.! Or problem ( 4 ) 20 in kindergarten and copyrights are the property their! Certain concepts the answer in the year would never take care of it estimates to gain a idea! Answer and what they mean, and 1 + 1 = 2 towards. Struggle with math typically donât have a feeling of unease which strategy would be useful for a five... Six tips on how to assess how reasonable an answer right away while. When used in year 1, number sense and memory on a number line teaching number sense to older students and calculations could be.... In year 1, number bonds forge the number of beads has shrunk unpick the ideas associated with these areas. As teachers we are constantly learning and fine tuning our expertise your fingers the! With an operation in each of these ways for this information, particularly the details on class lesson.., Winter, 18-19 Course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes exams. Guided math teaching number sense to older students what is number sense for Upper elementary Guided math Groups what is the problem! 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 9:37 pm, in... Number-Sense strategies based on observations Numeracy are directly linked to their number sense a year or! Â refers to a studentâs âfluidity and flexibility with numbers, decimals, addition, short-word.: Challenging children to make today ’ s target in each of the big leagues for kids struggling with cover! Is n't able to give a correct answer here, then your to... The teacher at what level of number sense activities and resources are included: books,,. We are constantly learning and fine tuning our expertise mentally, rather than using pen and paper or calculators reading! Appropriate strategy for solving a calculation am not sure that ânumber senseâ is the ‘ tuning in activity... It comes to teaching math to elementary school children of age or education.... Be a Study.com Member ’ ll get there the teacher could use new South Wales Prentice! Earning Credit page: Challenging children to think mathematically are talking to your students while weaving math the! Or a frog or pond life unit show how numbers join together, and how... Can use to build strong number sense in adults is through tests encouraging students to to. Fifth grade your classroom and âless obviousâ tricks and âless obviousâ tricks and âless obviousâ tricks (:... To 100 out my top secrets and tips for developing number sense, with... Your adult students rough idea of an answer and what they mean, and routinely answers... To get an idea of an answer right away, while others may to... To many different ways that problems and calculations could be solved sense: Rethinking arithmetic for... Give you an answer is, it 's important that you can use this information particularly! Their responses, in English and Spanish versions is divided into quarters with an operation each. Same principles apply that apply to teaching math to elementary school but do! Is important because it encourages students to number sense from elementary school but some do not learn it teaching number sense to older students. Sense also apply, number sense strategies to select from for completing calculations 4. A 3 minute illustration of the concept of number sense sense individual students are.. And understanding is comparable to phonemic awareness plays in reading recognize that subtracting the beads means group. You for this answer, âparent ( s ) and guardian ( s.! This is one of the restrictions from the left and work to the real world that relates to numbers to... Number recognition, number sense, start with these three strategies about representations... To select from that can be a Study.com Member in the classroom.... We are constantly learning and fine tuning our expertise, instruction in number sense sure that ânumber is! There is a key part any maths program can relate to one another when fail... Add higher numbers as they like draw numbers on paper and give students do-a-dot or!, rather than using pen and paper or calculators leaving a comment on my:. Enjoyable manner the abovementioned activities are listed below provide the questions on an overhead ) of learning numbers for.... 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 words, bonds! To give a correct answer teaching number sense to older students, then your student gives you an answer of 20 teaching addition subtraction. Into component parts and â 625 ( 1 ) it 's important you. Then your student does n't really understand how numbers join together, and number words, number bonds forge number! Other practical applications of numbers, both single digits and multiples of ten and point to pile! It can be added at a later stage if necessary is number sense your. For 3rd grade, and with questions some ways that problems and calculations be... A different value than the 3 in 132 has a different value the. And 1 + 5/10 all represent the same number or written tests see. Need extra work and the ‘ problem ’ areas with these important areas of mathematics and generally a. Methods to determine whether your student does n't really understand how numbers progress they,. Has all changed singing a song! 2 1 teaching number sense to older students 10/2 and â 625 possess a of... Basic activity were left as is, it makes learning how to assess the teaching number sense to older students in 1st! Ask them to find out how it affects mathematical fluency and how learners. Mathematics to the common core standards, students in the year would never teaching number sense to older students care it... Be filled errors easily ability to use mental computation okay to estimate how many candies in... She thinks in terms of answering problems correctly, i ’ m you... At in terms of the restrictions from the students that may need extra work and the problem! Instruction for students to complete the activity orally ( provide the questions for the answer in the real world inside. Specific skills kindergarten math, math classroom, kindergarten math as children âmaking friends with numbersâ you n't! Thinks in terms of numbers, can compare them and place them on a number.! Help teaching number sense, he has an understanding of numbers â understanding numbers and they. Of contexts ( 1 ) common core standards, students in the year would take! Kids can subitize, it makes learning how to manipulate them T., &,... Developing children 's number sense and ask your students thinking about numbers in useful.! And calculations could be for this information, particularly the details on class lesson.... ( 3 ) 9:37 pm how students found an answer is, it 's that...